What are some findings unique to endoscopy?

Only endoscopic evaluation of the swallow can visualize:

  • Direct assessment of of sensation
  • Airway protection
  • Vocal fold mobility
  • Arytenoid movement
  • Path of bolus
  • Location of bolus residue within the HP with specificity
  • Secretions (location, amount, viscosity, patient reaction)
  • Surface anatomy/ mucosal abnormalities (edema, erythema)
  • Configuration of the hypopharynx and effect on bolus flow